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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 8-11

Prevalence of HIV seropositive delivery in a tertiary care hospital, Manipur


1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Laishram Somenkumar Singh
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal - 795 004, Manipur
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-4958.158918

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Objective: 1) To determine the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositive delivery in Regional Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS). 2) To determine the associated factors affecting the status of HIV seropositive in pregnant women. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study and the study period was from January 2007 to December 2011. All pregnant women who were registered, counseled, tested and delivered, and whose pregnancies were beyond the period of viability (28 weeks). Data were collected from PPTCT Centre RIMS, Imphal, from January 2007 to December 2011 from PPTCT ward log book. It included the details of age, parity, occupational status, religion and mode of delivery. Descriptive statistics like mean and percentage were used. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 16. Results: A total of 191 seropositive pregnant women delivered from January 2007 to December 2011 were included in the study. The mean age of the participants was 27.4 ± 4.9 years. HIV seropositivity rate was highest in the age group of 26 to 30 years and the age group between 21 and 35 years contributes to 84% of the total cases. More than half of the cases had education up to class 10 (52.9%) and were Hindu by religion (55.5%). Majority of the seropositive pregnant women were housewives (94.8%). HIV seropositivity was higher in multipara (57%) compared to primipara (43%). The overall prevalence rate of HIV seropositivity was 0.41%. The highest rate of seropositivity was in 2007 (0.64%). Most of the deliveries were vaginal delivery (71.2%) compared to cesarean delivery (28.8%). Conclusion: Our study showed that the overall prevalence rate of HIV seropositivity was 0.41%. Even though, our study population was not representative of the general population because of ours being a hospital-based study with limited sample size, data show a decreasing trend of HIV prevalence in pregnant mothers.


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