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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 84-88

Prevalence of diabetes in chronic liver disease patient admitted in medicine ward in RIMS Hospital, Imphal


Department of Medicine, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Obang Perme
Department of Medicine, RIMS, Imphal, Manipur
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-4958.182906

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Context: First study on prevalence of diabetic among chronic liver disease (CLD) patient in Manipur and North-East India as a whole. Aims: To determine the prevalence of diabetes in CLD patient and to correlate the presence of diabetes with clinical features and complications of CLD. Settings and Design: A prospective study was carried out in the Department of Medicine, RIMS, Imphal, from September 2011 to August 2013. Subjects and Methods: Total of 155 cases of CLD who qualify the inclusion criteria was included in analysis. CLD was diagnosed based on history, liver function test, ultrasonography abdomen, and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Diabetes diagnosed based on history and who criteria. Statistical Analysis Used: Data obtained from study were analyzed by SPSS Version 16. Results: The prevalence of diabetes was 12.9%. Most common age group was 31-40 years. However, percentage wise diabetes tends to be higher among younger age group 18-30 years groups (27.3%) compared to other age groups. The common clinical findings were ascites (95.5%), pallor (83.8%), and icterus (74.8%). Most common finding among diabetic patient was ascites (95%). Anemia, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, and hepatic encephalopathy (HE) were slightly higher in diabetic group. Conclusions: In this study, prevalence of diabetes was 12.9% among CLD. Complication of CLD was slightly higher among diabetic patient. Presence of diabetes mellitus in patients of CLD post a difficulty in diagnosis as well as management of complications, especially HE.


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