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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 143-146

Cannabis and its associated psychopathology


1 Specialist Psychiatry, District Hospital, Bishnupur, Manipur, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Rakesh Mohanty
Room No 43, Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi - 834 006, Jharkhand
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jms.jms_110_16

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Cannabis has been used by humanity since a long time ago and the common belief by general population is that it is an innocuous drug. The prevalence of its use has been increased in many countries. It has been observed that the use of cannabis has been associated with various psychopathologies since its origin. The study of cannabis use and its consequences remains an interesting area both from the academic and clinical point of view. The various psychopathological syndromes associated with cannabis use that have been researched extensively include cannabis and psychotic disorders, especially, schizophrenia and mood disorders and not uncommon anxiety disorders and cognitive impairment. The association between cannabis and schizophrenia has received much attention. Various epidemiological, clinical, and experimental evidence show an association between the effects of cannabis on the brain and psychopathological disorders including schizophrenia. However, the association is often not clear. Cannabis use might be casually related to the later development of schizophrenia in an indirect way in a few heavy users, but commonly, its use may increase the risk in a person with a preexisting vulnerable to developing psychosis and may worsen the course of the disorder.


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