|LETTERS TO EDITOR
|Year : 2019 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 66
Summary of clinical characteristics of prisoners in Thailand with tuberculosis
Pathum Sookaromdee1, Viroj Wiwanitkit2
1 TWS Medical Center, Bangkok, Thailand
2 1Department of Medical Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Niš, Niš, Serbia
|Date of Web Publication||14-Oct-2019|
Medical Center, Bangkok
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Sookaromdee P, Wiwanitkit V. Summary of clinical characteristics of prisoners in Thailand with tuberculosis. J Med Soc 2019;33:66
Tuberculosis is a common infectious disease in several countries at present. In developing countries, such as those in Indochina, a high prevalence of tuberculosis, including drug resistant type, is reported. There are some specific vulnerable groups for tuberculosis infection such as HIV-infected patients, migrants, and prisoners. Focusing on prisoners, there is a chance of HIV co-infection with tuberculosis that results in difficulty in clinical management. In Thailand, prisoners also constitute an important group of at-risk population to acquire tuberculosis. There are some previous reports on Thai prisoners with tuberculosis., Here, the authors perform a summary of clinical characteristics of prisoners in Thailand with tuberculosis. According to the available data, there are 512 prisoners with tuberculosis (average age: 38.3 years). Of these 512 cases, there are 328 new cases (64.1%) and 184 relapse cases (35.9%). There are 443 pulmonary tuberculosis cases (86.5%) and 69 extrapulmonary tuberculosis cases (13.5%). There are 100 cases with HIV co-infection (19.5%). All cases with HIV co-infection get antiretroviral drug therapy. For tuberculosis management, the standard tuberculosis therapy is given for each infected prisoner. Considering the outcome, success rate had been derived in 316 cases (61.7%). Thirty patients died (5.8%). There are nine drug-resistant cases (1.8%). Of interest, in our setting, the success rate of treatment is lower than that in a previous report from Macedonia.
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Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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