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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 19-24

Electrocardiographic changes in obstructive airway disease


1 Department of Respiratory Medicine, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India
2 Department of Physiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India
3 Department of Physiology, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Irom Ibungo Singh
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-4958.116627

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Objectives: To grade the severity of airway obstruction in the cases of obstructive airway disease (OAD) selected for the study and to observe for any electrocardiographic changes and correlate it with the severity of airway obstruction. Materials and Methods: 50 cases of OAD, 37 of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and 13 of Bronchial Asthma, attending the out patient department (OPD) of Respiratory Medicine, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS), Imphal were included in the study. Spirometry was performed and electrocardiogram (ECG) was recorded for the cases in the Department of Physiology, RIMS, Imphal. For analytical purposes, well known statistical techniques like mean, standard deviation, X2 -test and F-test are used whenever found suitable and necessary through SPSS software and accordingly interpretations are made. Results: The cases were found to have mild to moderate to severe to very severe degree of airway obstruction. The ECGs showed normal to varied findings. Conclusion: Electrocardiographic changes are found to be observed more with those who have higher grade or degree of airway obstruction. Relationship between ECG findings and degree of airway obstruction is found to be highly significant.


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