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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 61-64

Behavior and lifestyle factors among older persons living in a district of North India

1 School of Public Health, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, India

Correspondence Address:
Deepak Sharma
School of Public Health, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-4958.116649

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Background: In elderly, healthy lifestyles are critical in reducing disease risk and increased wellness. Among the many top causes of morbidity, chronic lifestyle-related diseases contribute a major chunk. Objectives: The present study examined self-reported frequencies of smoking, alcohol use, physical activity and dietary practices among older persons and the influence of these on functional limitation among older persons. Materials and Methods: The study sample consisted of 400 study subjects of Shimla hills in North India, aged 60 to 92 years. Participants were recruited from urban and rural areas. Behavior and lifestyle factors information was obtained through a structured interview. Results: 12% currently consumed alcohol and 28.0% were current smokers. Less than half engaged in regular physical activity. Only 41% were regularly consuming milk products, fruits and vegetables in their diet. 20.1% of elderly had inadequate functional ability in instrumental activities of daily living. Conclusion: Adoption of healthy lifestyle activities especially a regular nutritious diet can help preventing functional limitation in elderly.

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