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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 34-37

A cross-sectional study to analyze the need of providing services related to noncommunicable diseases under an Urban Health Center of Surat Municipal Corporation


1 Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Surat, Gujarat, India
2 Department of Pharmacology, P.D.U Medical College, Rajkot, Gujarat, India
3 Ex-Intern, Government Medical College, Surat, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mamtarani Verma
B-13 Assistant Professor Quarters, New Civil Hospital Campus, Outside Majura Gate, Surat - 395 001, Gujarat
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-4958.135225

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Background: As compared with all other countries India suffers the highest lost in potentially productive years of life, due to deaths from cardiovascular disease in people aged 35-64 years (9.2 million years lost in 2000). Low- and middle-income countries and by any measure, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) account for a large enough share of the disease burden of the poor to merit a serious policy response. Objectives: (1) To identify the prevalent cases reporting NCD's under urban health center area (UHC). (2) To suggest the need of a few anti-hypertensive and anti-diabetic drugs with facilities of an electrocardiogram machine and counseling for life style modifications. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Materials and Methods: A few residential societies having around 1000 population were arbitrarily selected from Udhna Center functioning under Surat Municipal Corporation. A house to house survey was conducted by a team of two medical students to materials collect information related to the occurrence of NCDs and other relevant information. Data were analyzed using Epi 6 software. Results: A total of 195 families having a population of 1028 were visited. Mean age of the population was 29.3 ± 17.64 years. 547 (53.3%) persons were males while 480 (46.7%) of the studied population were females. A good number of persons (46) reported having one of the chronic illnesses such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension (HT), ischemic heart disease (IHD), and cancer. The proportion of individuals suffering from such kind of illnesses was 8.6% in the adult population over the age of 30 years. Conclusion: In light of rising NCDs, UHCs are required to provide treatment for the cases of HT, diabetes and IHD as part of primary health care.


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