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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 162-165

Epidemiological profile of ocular trauma in a tertiary care facility in Imphal

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur

Correspondence Address:
Chingsuingamba Meitei Yumnam
Department of Ophthalmology, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-4958.191182

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Background: Ocular trauma is an important cause of preventable ocular morbidity and blindness. Aims: To analyze the epidemiological profile of patients with ocular trauma requiring tertiary care. Materials and Methods: A descriptive study was carried out of all patients with ocular trauma, presenting to emergency and outpatient departments of a tertiary care facility at Imphal, during a 2 year period. Along with a complete ophthalmic workup, the demographic data and the mode of injury for each were recorded from the hospital records. Results: Males (69%) were found to be more commonly affected by trauma. Individuals below 30 years of age (58.5%) suffered most from ocular trauma followed by those between 30 and 60 years of age (35%). Best-corrected visual acuity was found to be better than 6/60 in 68% of cases. Residents of urban areas were found to suffer more often (62%) as compared to rural residents (38%). Occupation-related injuries were found to be the most common cause (38.46%). Lids and lacrimal system were the most commonly injured structures (23.86%) followed by conjunctiva (16.50%). Adnexal injury was found to be the most common type of injury (46.15%), and blunt trauma was found to be the most common mode of injury (20.31%). Conclusion: Ocular trauma is an important cause of blindness and ocular morbidity. The young age, rural status, and illiteracy are probably the factors responsible for delayed presentation and thus more risk of infection. Eyes with intraocular foreign body are more likely to be associated with endophthalmitis. Most ocular injuries are preventable if protection is worn and care is taken.

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