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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 28-31

Epidemiological characteristics affecting outcome in traumatic brain injury

1 Department of Neurosurgery, Narayana Medical College Hospital, Chinthareddypalem, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Epidemiology (ICMR), Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine, AIIMS, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
4 Department of Pharmacology, Narayana Medical College Hospital, Chinthareddypalem, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India
5 Department of Forensic Medicine, Narayana Medical College Hospital, Chinthareddypalem, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Amit Agrawal
Department of Neurosurgery, Narayan Medical College Hospital, Chinthareddypalem, Nellore - 524 003, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-4958.198435

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Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is affected by multiple injury factors. Geography and vehicle prone to the accident may have an important role on the outcome. Aims: This study aims to study the details of place and mechanism of injury and their effect on discharge outcome. Settings and Design: Prospective study. Methods: This is a prospective study where 337 patients diagnosed with TBI were selected from an emergency department, after obtaining their consent. The details of place and cause of injury data was recorded on standard proforma using FileMaker Pro Advanced 13 software. Statistical Analysis: The data were analyzed using Stats Direct version 3.0.150. Results: The study reports that age, gender, and severity of the injury as per Glasgow coma scale was significant with the outcome at discharge. Higher number of patients was from rural setup (72.6%). Roadside accidents account for about 56% of injuries. About 77% of injuries were due to accidents. Two-wheeler was cause for accidents in 54% of injuries. Mechanism of injury like motor vehicle accident, fall, blunt, and the penetrating injury was significant with discharge outcome. Conclusion: The study addresses that majority of TBI patients are from rural areas and injuries are due to accidents. Mechanism of injury has significance with discharge outcome.

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