Journal of Medical Society

CASE REPORT
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 131--133

Lingual thyroid: A rare anomaly


Banyameen Iqbal1, Iqra Mushtaq2 
1 Department of Pathology, Dr. DY Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Dr. DY Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Banyameen Iqbal
Department of Pathology, Dr. DY Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Center, Pimpri, Pune , Maharashtra
India

Lingual thyroid (LT) is a rare developmental anomaly originating from aberrant embryogenesis during the passage of the thyroid gland through the neck. LT has an incidence of one in 3,000, with an overall prevalence of one in 100,000. Female to male ratio ranges from 4:1 to 7:1. Clinical presentation is varying, more related to oropharyngeal obstruction, causing mild to severe dysphagia and/or upper airway obstruction, dysphonia, and sleep apnea. Up to 70% of patients with LT have hypothyroidism. Surgery is the treatment of choice in symptomatic cases. We, hereby, report a case of a 16-year-old girl who presented with a midline swelling at the base of the tongue, was hypothyroid, and on oral thyroxine. The swelling was surgically removed and was diagnosed to be LT. The significance of reporting this case is that it should be recognized and treated at the earliest because of the ill effects of hypothyroidism associated with it.


How to cite this article:
Iqbal B, Mushtaq I. Lingual thyroid: A rare anomaly.J Med Soc 2017;31:131-133


How to cite this URL:
Iqbal B, Mushtaq I. Lingual thyroid: A rare anomaly. J Med Soc [serial online] 2017 [cited 2020 Nov 26 ];31:131-133
Available from: https://www.jmedsoc.org/article.asp?issn=0972-4958;year=2017;volume=31;issue=2;spage=131;epage=133;aulast=Iqbal;type=0